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I grow many rare crops on my garden plot. These are sunberry, saraha, nightshade, spinach-raspberry, chufa, chumiza, kuuziku, kruknek, lofant, bush melons, more than 100 varieties of tomatoes, about 40 varieties and varieties of cucumbers... I would like to tell you about the latter.
The world of pumpkin plants is amazing and diverse. The most important place among them, of course, is occupied by cucumber plants... After all, not a single gardener can do without them.
Cucumbers are considered a nutrient-poor food. After all, they do not have a high calorie content, they have few carbohydrates and few vitamins, but there is more water in cucumbers than in other vegetables. But, nevertheless, cucumbers have their own virtues that have made them a popular vegetable. They have a refreshing effect on the body. The enzymes present in them contribute to the better assimilation of protein foods, and the presence of alkaline salts helps the body to get rid of harmful metabolites.
Cucumbers diversify and enrich the human diet. They stimulate appetite, promote better absorption of animal products. Fresh, salted and pickled, they are causative agents of gastric secretion, improve digestion. In medical nutrition, cucumbers are recommended for obesity. Cucumber juice acts as a remedy for gout, lung diseases, kidney stones.
Cucumbers can be grown not only to meet the physiological needs of the body, but also for aesthetic pleasure and knowledge of nature. Therefore, on my garden plot, I grow cucumbers of various shapes, colors and tastes.
Anguria Syrian (Syrian cucumber)
Annual herbaceous culture. It is advisable to grow through one month old seedlings. When the soil at a depth of 10 cm warms up to 10 degrees Celsius, I plant the seedlings in the garden. I grow a plant in a free creeping form without pinching. Anguria leaves are deeply dissected, most of all similar to watermelon.
Flowers are yellow, small, dioecious. Fruits are light green, up to 8 cm long, smooth, some of them form small spines. The culture is quite fruitful: up to 30 fruits are formed on each plant. Fruiting until autumn frost.
I haven't found any pests or diseases on it yet. Young cucumbers are used like ordinary cucumbers: in salads and for canning.
Melotria rough (African mini cucumber)
Perennial liana-like plant. We have to grow it as an annual crop through one-month seedlings, because the tubers that form in the ground during the growing season freeze in winter and rot in spring.
Melotria's leaves are similar to cucumber leaves, but much smaller. The flowers of this plant are yellow, very small, single females, and males are collected in groups of up to 6 pieces. The fruits of melotria are green, with a well-pronounced marble pattern. Melotria greens taste like cucumbers, are eaten fresh, ripe fruits and greens are used for canning.
Italian cucumbers Abruzze and Barrese are very peculiar
Cucumber Abruzze... Medium-growing, leaves and flowers like those of a melon, dioecious, solitary. The fruits are light green, with a pronounced longitudinal ribbing, up to 45 cm long. Zelentsy have the taste of cucumber, and in biological maturity, the fruits acquire the taste of melon.
Cucumber Barrese... Bushy cucumber form. Leaves and flowers like those of a melon, collected in groups of up to 8 pieces, male flowers prevail among them. Fruits are dark green with well-pronounced longitudinal ribbing, up to 45 cm long. The taste of the fruits is the same as that of Abruzze.
Cucumber Lemon differs from ordinary cucumbers in its round shape and yellow color. It has well-defined crunchy properties. Ideal for canning, looks unusual in cans.
Orange cucumbers are very unusual Sun Sweet (Denmark). Fruits are cylindrical in shape with a "spout", universal use.
In my collection there are the following varieties: Snow Leopard, Snow White, White Delicacy.
There are several varieties in my collection long-fruited Chinese cucumbers... Particularly good grade Chun-Gu... Fruits are thin, up to 50 cm long, sweet. Delicious in salads and preparations. For canning, the fruits are cut into pieces.
Bush cucumbers are very good NK-mini and Kid... Due to early maturity, planting density and bundle arrangement of fruits in the axil of each leaf, they surpass traditional varieties in yield. And the NK-mini cucumber is also ideal for growing in the room.
Cucumbers Micron and Boy Scout
Very good for canning. Harvested up to 5 cm in size, they taste great and have good crunchiness.
Taking into account the color scheme, assorted cucumbers of various varieties and types will look very impressive in a jar.
Valery Popenko, experienced gardener
Photo by the author
The best varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses: TOP-10
In order to get a decent harvest of cucumber crops in a temperate climate with unpredictable weather changes, it is better to use the cultivation of cucumbers in greenhouses or greenhouses. From the variety of seeds, it is quite difficult to choose those that are suitable for certain weather conditions. If the gardener is experienced, then it will not be difficult for him to select seed material for his site, but for beginners it will be quite difficult to do this. This article lists the best varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses, as well as a description of their advantages and disadvantages, which will greatly facilitate the choice for those who have just started their gardening activities.
Red cucumber is a product unique in its properties
Doubtful tladianta is a culture that is also called a red cucumber because of its appearance. The plant is a perennial climbing vine covered throughout the summer with bright yellow flowers that look like tulips. It is in their place that small fruits appear later (about 10 cm long).
Until the fruits of the tladiants begin to change color, they are excellent for pickling and canning. After ripening and reddening, you can cook jam from them - they become so sweet.
Benefits of red cucumber
Tladiant is dubious - the plant is perennial, and therefore there is no need to sow or plant it again every year.
In the middle liana, such a vine is increasingly used to decorate the site, and decoctions and infusions from the plant have found their application in oriental medicine.
In the middle lane, especially in the first year, it is very difficult to achieve fruiting of a red cucumber - the fruits do not have time to ripen. In addition, you yourself will have to pollinate this plant, because at home (in Southeast Asia), the tladian is pollinated by insects that we do not have.
Due to the high sugar content in fruits, it is contraindicated to eat them for patients with diabetes mellitus.
Outwardly, the fruits of the tladiants are not much like cucumbers.
The plant can be propagated both by seeds and by tubers that look like potatoes. You can sow tladiant seeds for seedlings already at the beginning of March, having previously stratified them. You can even grow a red cucumber on an insulated balcony or loggia - it does not need additional lighting, and low temperatures will not frighten the plant. It is enough that the air temperature does not fall below 0 ° C. From late May or early June (when there is no longer a threat of spring frosts), seedlings can be planted in the ground.
When propagated by tubers, they are planted in the ground in mid-April to a depth of 8-10 cm. By mid-May, shoots appear, and then they grow very quickly. The plant needs frequent, but careful watering so that there is no waterlogging of the earth.
In autumn, the aboveground part of the plant dies, and large tubers form underground. In one place, a tladian can be grown for up to 10 years.
Outwardly, the fruits of the tladianta bear little resemblance to cucumbers.
Spirea gray: varieties, planting and care in the open field
Spirea gray (ash) is a fast-growing ornamental shrub. It is often used in landscape design, as it is an ornamental plant. The branches are very densely covered with flowers, it seems that the entire shrub is wrapped in a blanket of snow. Spirea gray attracts attention not only during the flowering period. Its branches smoothly bend around the bush, creating a ball shape. Even without flowers, it looks very interesting.
According to the description, gray spirea is a branched shrub, reaching a height of 2 m. Shoots are branched, tomentose, the leaves are pointed on both sides. The top side of the plate is gray-green, and the bottom is slightly lighter. The shrub blooms with white flowers, which are collected in corymbose inflorescences. At the very top, they are sessile.
The lower the inflorescences are located along the branch, the longer the leafy branches are. Flowering begins in May, and the fruits ripen at the end of June.
In culture, two varieties of sulfur spirea are grown. Spirea gray Grefsheim is a spectacular, constantly flowering plant, reaching a height of 1.5–2 m, with red-brown branches and a spreading crown. A shrub of this variety covers a large number of small flowers of white, pink or red color. Leaves are yellow-orange or green, with a bronze tint.
Spirea gray Graciosa. This is a flowering graceful plant 1.5–2 m high. The crown is spreading, branches are arched, hanging down. The narrow green leaves turn yellow in autumn, and the snow-white flowers are collected in umbrella-shaped inflorescences. The shrub blooms profusely and for a long time.
Since gray spirea is a hybrid, it reproduces only by cuttings and layering.
Reproduction of spirea by cuttings
Cuttings are cut after flowering and rooted in a substrate of peat and coarse river sand, after which they are covered with a transparent cap. The soil in the container must be constantly moistened. For reliability, cuttings before planting are recommended to be kept for 16 hours in a solution of indolylbutyric acid, which is a growth stimulant. You can also put them in water, to which a drop of Epin is added, after which the lower sections are powdered with Kornevin. Then the cuttings are planted in a greenhouse. After the roots appear, they are planted in open ground, be sure to cover them with dry foliage for the winter.
To propagate the shrub by layering, in the spring, a low-growing shoot should be bent to the ground and the part that is located closer to the top should be laid in a prepared furrow, leaving the top above the surface and pinching it. The branch is fixed in this position and the furrow is filled with fertile soil. The cuttings are watered throughout the summer, and in the fall they are covered with dry foliage. The following spring, the rooted branch is separated from the mother bush and planted.
Spiraea gray is best planted in open ground in the fall. This can be done in the spring, but you should have time before the buds begin to bloom. For a shrub, you should choose a well-lit area, since it develops poorly in the shade and blooms poorly. The soil should be fertile and well moisturized. When growing spirea in clay soil, a drainage layer of gravel or broken brick must be laid in the pit, mixing them with sand.
If the spirea is planted for a hedge, then the distance between the bushes should be 50 cm. In a group planting, the distance between plants is maintained from 50 to 100 cm. The depth of the planting pit should be 40-50 cm, and its size should exceed the volume of the root system of the bush by 25 -thirty%.
Saplings with an open root system are placed in a bucket of water for several hours. Then the damaged, rotten or dry roots are removed, and too long are shortened. The shoots of the seedling must be shortened by a third.
The pit is filled with a mixture of top fertile soil with turf and peat soil. The root collar of the bush should be at ground level. After planting, the soil in the near-stem circle is compacted and watered using 1.5–2 buckets of water per seedling. Then the soil surface is mulched with a layer of peat.
Caring for sulfur spirea provides for regular watering. The soil around the shrub should always be slightly moistened. In dry weather, the trunk circle is moistened twice a week, and in rainy weather, watering is not carried out at all. After that, the soil around the plant is loosened and weeds are removed.
In the spring, after pruning and before flowering, top dressing is applied using a mullein solution with the addition of superphosphate at the rate of 8 g of granules per bush. To make the spirea bloom more abundantly, it is fed with "Kemira Universal" (90 g of the drug per 1 m2).
Since in gray spirea flowers are formed along the entire length of the shoot, it is best to prune after flowering. To reduce the size of the bush and increase its density, it is necessary to shorten the shoots. The main pruning consists in removing old and dry branches that reduce the decorative effect of the plant. Every spring, branches and shoots that have frozen over the winter are removed.
Rejuvenating pruning is performed at the age of seven. To this end, the bush is cut onto a stump, helping to awaken the dormant buds located at the root collar. They give a large amount of young growth, from which they form a new bush. For this, 5-6 strong shoots are left, and the rest are removed. After that, every 2 years, the shrub is rid of weak and aged branches. Formative pruning is done in early spring, before buds begin to bloom.
Usually the plant is transplanted in early spring, when the buds have not yet blossomed, or in the fall after leaf fall. This should be done in cloudy weather. The transplant pit is prepared in advance, 3-4 days before planting, by introducing phosphorus-potassium fertilizers into it. After that, water is poured into it. The planting hole should be one third larger than the earthen coma of the transplanted shrub. The plant is dug up, the roots are carefully pruned and taken out along with a lump of earth. If the bush is too large, then it is laid on a piece of cloth or film and transferred to the planting pit.
The seedling is lowered into the hole, controlling the level of the root collar, and covered with garden soil. The plant is watered with water with the addition of "Kornevin". The trunk circle is mulched with a thick layer of humus or peat. Pegs are installed along the perimeter of the bush. A large piece of cloth is moistened in water, lightly squeezed and completely covered by the plant, pulling it on the pegs. For 3-4 days it is moistened with water. Then the tissue is removed and the spirea continues to grow freely. During the month, it is regularly watered with water.
Spirea gray is a frost-resistant shrub and tolerates even the most severe cold. Problems can arise only if the winter is expected to be frosty and with little snow.
In this case, it is advisable to cover the root zone near the shrub, as it may suffer from frost. To do this, in preparation for winter, the trunk circle is mulched with a thick layer of peat or dry foliage.
Spirea gray can suffer from aphids, which actively suck out nutritious juices from pedicels, leaves and young tender shoots. At the first signs of a pest, the plant is sprayed with infusions of wormwood, garlic, hot pepper, celandine. If the bush is too badly affected by the pest, then it is treated with the following drugs:
Another pest is a spider mite that covers the shrub with cobwebs and damages the leaves, on which whitish spots appear, after which they turn yellow and dry prematurely. If the summer is dry, then to prevent the appearance of spider mites, spirea is sprayed with plain water as often as possible.In case of severe damage, the plant is treated:
Of fungal diseases, spirea gray can affect ramulariasis, ascochitis, septoria. In this case, specks appear on the leaves. For treatment, colloidal sulfur, Bordeaux liquid, Fundazol solution are used. The shrub is sprayed before or after flowering.
Designers and gardeners love gray spirea for shade tolerance, winter hardiness, unpretentiousness, long flowering. It is often used in landscape design for single and group plantings, complex compositions, creating a hedge.
In the classic design style, the gray spirea is placed near ponds. Connoisseurs of the rustic style love the shrub for its sophistication and compactness: it harmonizes well with the tones of the Provence style and is great for creating a Scandinavian style.
Gray spirea is combined with low flowering plants:
- Turkish carnations
- alpine asters
Blooming spirea looks good next to pink, burgundy and red tulips, primroses, alyssums, crocuses and daffodils. The plant harmonizes not only with ornamental plants and shrubs, but also with fruit trees and flowering shrubs.
To create beautiful groups, they use gray spirea in combination with viburnum, broom, conifers, and many-flowered sucker. Against their background, she looks even whiter and more elegant.
The best yielding varieties of cucumbers
The assortment of seeds is expanding every year, both novelties and varieties already tested, but no less in demand, are displayed on the shelves. Which ones are rightfully called champions?
Zozulya F1. An early member of the family, long and deservedly loved by vegetable growers. Fruits are elongated, with white thorns. It has a partial parthenocarp and is therefore suitable for both open ground and greenhouses. The purpose is universal. Resistant to many diseases.
Masha F1. Early maturing parthenocarpic hybrid. Gherkins up to 11 centimeters long, very pimply, without bitterness. Used in blanks or fresh. Immune to viral mosaic, powdery mildew and similar diseases.
The fontanelle F1. The variety is bee-pollinated, medium early, salting. Very productive. Fruits are black-thorn, weighing about 100 grams, do not taste bitter. The color is light green, with clear stripes, not counting the black-spiked areas.
Courage F1. The plant is self-pollinated. Fruiting occurs in 50 days. Excellent taste features of Zelentov, the purpose is combined. The color of the cucumbers is dark green with white thorns.
There are many hybrids
Herman F1. We respect summer residents for their endurance: even in a cold summer, the bush is high-yielding! Refers to early parthenocarpic type hybrids. The fruits are of universal use.
Kustovoy. The name speaks for itself: the plant, increasing in size, takes the form of a bush. It is used for planting in open ground, as pollinating insects are needed. The taste of cucumbers is sweetish. The fruits are large lumpy, ripen together and do not turn yellow for a long time. Disease resistance.
Competitor. Time-tested, pickling, high-yielding variety. Cucumbers weighing up to 150 grams, green, striped, with black thorns. Bee-pollinated species.
It should be remembered that green greens, almost without thorns or with light fluff, are most often salad species.
The fruits are very pimply and dark-spiky, most likely, they are universal in use and are suitable both for salting and for preparing fresh vegetable side dishes.
For self-pollinated species, it is advisable to plant a pollinator plant, otherwise the cucumber will not be able to show genetically inherent features.
Varieties and types of cucumbers
It is impossible to imagine a vegetable garden without a garden with cucumbers, this vegetable culture of the snake has long become native to us, natively Russian. But actually, cucumbers are native to India. It is one of the oldest vegetable crops and was successfully cultivated thousands of years ago. Cucumbers were very common in Mediterranean countries, they were a favorite dish of the Roman emperor Tiberius, they were adored by Napoleon. Why is this, such a familiar and dear vegetable, so popular and respected?
The cucumber belongs to the pumpkin family and is actually a false berry. Annual plant, watery. Cucumbers contain 97% water, but not simple, and rich in calcium, this vegetable also contains vitamins B, C, carotene, PP, fiber, mineral salts, and many useful trace elements. Cucumbers are known for their medicinal properties, it was proved by Hippocrates. They have a diuretic, cleansing, choleretic effect. It is useful to include them in the diet for people with diseases of the liver, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, joints. Cucumbers are also actively used in cosmetology, cucumber masks are widely known, they help to cure problem skin from acne, acne, relieve inflammation. Cucumber tincture whitens the skin well.
Cucumbers do not contain fats and are rich in fiber, enzymes in their composition improve digestion, accelerate metabolism, therefore cucumbers are indispensable in the menu of overweight people. Cucumbers also contribute to better protein absorption, which is why they go so well with meat dishes.
In addition, cucumbers, despite their southern origin, thrive in our climate and have long become one of the most frequently grown vegetable crops.
Of course, such a rich long history of cucumbers has led to the creation of thousands of varieties of this vegetable crop. And understanding this is not always easy. We will help you with this.
First of all, the varieties of cucumbers are divided by purpose:
- For blanks
Salad cucumbers usually have thick skin and very small seeds. They are distinguished by a pronounced cucumber, slightly sweetish taste and often have a large fruit size. An example of such varieties: Shiraz, Zozulenok and some others. Such varieties are ideal for fresh consumption and are completely unsuitable for harvesting them for the winter. In marinades and pickles, they have an unpleasant taste and unpresentable appearance. Most of the salad cucumber varieties are high yielding. Just a few cucumber bushes are enough to provide yourself with delicious vegetables for the salad for the season.
Cucumbers for blanks are distinguished by their small fruit size, thin skin and high sugar content. Varieties popular among summer residents: Rodnichok, Parisian gherkin, Zasolochny, Champion. These cucumber varieties are not suitable for long-term fresh storage.
Universal varieties of cucumbers can be canned, salted and used for salads. They often have lower yields, but are more practical for hobbyist gardeners.
Also, varieties of cucumbers are divided into self-dusting or, as they are also called, parthenocarpic, and bee-pollinated.
Self-pollinated cucumber varieties are indispensable for our difficult climate; they can be grown indoors and in beds. Such cucumbers are often resistant to diseases, give a consistently high yield, do not require a lot of sun and good weather. But such cucumbers cannot be sown from their own seeds.
Bee-pollinated varieties are suitable only for open ground, they give a good harvest only when pollinated by bees and other insects. You can harvest your own seeds from these varieties of cucumbers.
By ripening, cucumber seeds can be divided into: early, mid-ripening and late. The choice of several varieties of cucumber seeds with different ripening periods will ensure a long fruiting period.
You can often see on sale cucumber seeds, where cucumber F1 appears in the name. What does this mean? Such cucumber seeds belong to the first generation hybrids. They have excellent taste characteristics, their fruits have a presentation and shape, give a rich harvest. Also, many hybrids are resistant to common diseases. Their main disadvantage is that they are not suitable for harvesting seeds, new ones have to be bought every year. If you take the risk and collect seeds, the crop will be devoid of all parental characteristics and completely unpredictable in shape and taste. But the positive qualities of such cucumber seeds more than cover the need to buy cucumber seeds once a season in the Garden and Seeds online store.